HEALTH AND FITNESS

FITNESS AND ITS IMPORTANCE (PART 2)


FITNESS

(PART 2)

MAINTAINING

Achieving and maintaining health is an ongoing process, shaped by both the evolution of health care knowledge and practices as well as personal strategies and organized interventions for staying healthy.

DIET

A healthy diet is an important way to maintain a person’s health. A healthy diet includes a variety of plant and animal foods that nourish the body. These nutrients provide your body with energy and keep it working. Nutrients help build and strengthen bones, muscles, and tendons, and regulate body processes (such as blood pressure). Water is essential for growth, reproduction, and health. Macronutrients are consumed in relatively large amounts, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and fatty acids. Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are consumed in relatively small amounts but are essential for body processes. Food Guide Pyramid is a pyramidal health food guide divided into sections. Each section shows the recommended intake for each food group (ie protein, fat, carbohydrate, sugar). Choosing healthy foods can reduce your risk of heart disease and certain cancers, and may even help you maintain a healthy weight. The Mediterranean diet is generally associated with health benefits. This is sometimes explained by the inclusion of bioactive compounds such as phenolic compounds, isoprenoids, and alkaloids.

EXERCISE

Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness It is performed for various reasons, to aid growth and improve strength, prevent aging, develop muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improve health, or simply for enjoyment. Many individuals choose to exercise outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and improve well-being as well as mental health. In terms of health benefits, the amount of recommended exercise depends upon the goal, the type of exercise, and the age of the person. Even doing a small amount of exercise is healthier than doing none.
 
SLEEP
Sleep is an important factor in maintaining good health. For children, sleep is also important for growth and development. Chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to an increased risk of certain chronic health problems. Additionally, lack of sleep has been shown to correlate with both increased susceptibility to disease and slower recovery times from disease. One study found that people with chronic sleep deprivation who got less than six hours of sleep were four times more likely to catch a cold than those who slept more than seven hours. Thanks to the role of sleep in the regulation of metabolism, sleeping sleep can also increase weight, or contrary to preventive weight loss. Administratively, the International Cancer Research Agency, a Cancer Research Institute for the World Health Organization, « Changes with Circular Destruction, Perhaps Carcinogenic Materials for People », . In 2015, the National Sleep Foundation will announce the updated recommendation on the need of sleep according to age, and if the normal sleeping individual is not a normal scope, a sleepy individual exhibits signs or symptoms of serious health problems, or wrestling, health and welfare It can be mitigated. «